Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay based on the picture below. You should start your essay with a brief description of the picture and then discuss what qualities an employer should look for in job applicant. You should give sound arguments to support your views and write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
According to the picture, an employer turns down a job applicant, for his degree is less advanced than the other applicants, even though he has a good resume. Actually, what’s behind the cartoon is the tendency that employers focus on academic performance when hiring.
No one disputes that a college or higher degree opens doors. Despite that, as far as I’m concerned, academic degree should not be the primary criteria in selecting talents. First of all, academic degrees only represent the applicants’ proficiency in their school work, and cannot demonstrate their personality or other abilities. For instance, the responsibility of a human resources manager is to deal with people, and thus it requires advanced people skill which is by no means shown in the diploma. Second, emphasis on degrees may stall the development of the company. They will lose real talents if they judge people only by their educational background, while it is often the case that college drop-outs like Bill Gates, Michael Dell, Steve Jobs, etc., run wildly successful enterprises.
Therefore, instead of running after applicants with higher degrees, companies shouldbecome more concerned about what it takes to do the job and what a college education actually provides.
From this cartoon, we clearly see that the student is asking his teacher about whether or not he can use some tech support to figure out the problem in his math class. What’s behind the cartoon is the fact that nowadays students become increasingly dependent on technological devices to help them with their school work.
In my opinion, with the advances in technology, students can learn more efficiently. First of all, technology provides infinite resources for learning. When our parents were students, they could only learn from their teachers, while nowadays, we can learn much more from the Internet. Second, it’s more convenient to learn with tech support. For example, I got enrolled in a Spanish class in an online school called Hujiang Online Class. All it requires is a PC or a smartphone, and I can learn the lectures anytime and anywhere. Lastly, it’s more economical to learn online. Besides the courses, free Apps are also easily accessible.
As for me, tech support has become an important part in my daily study. I will continue to learn in this way, and I believe that we can learn more efficiently if we are able to utilize the technologies around us.
The comic is an ironical illustration that it is unadvisable to search for a shortcut to learning. The student tries to find a book about how to do well in school without studying in the library, only to be told that it is unrealistic and impractical.
The discussion of whether there is a shortcut to learning is essentially the requesting for a supreme learning method – a panacea every learner wishes for. In my opinion, the shortcut to learning does exist. It is the combination of diligence and intelligence. As Thomas Edison says, “Genius is one per cent inspiration, ninety-nine per cent perspiration.”
On one hand, hard work is the premise and prerequisite for achieving academic success. Even the most resourceful ones have to devote their time studying and reading, because knowledge does not go automatically into the brain. All efforts will be futile if we idle away our time.
On the other hand, it is undeniable that there are ways to improve learning efficiency, especially with the support of technology like the Internet. Better learners are always the ones with cleverer learning skills.
To sum up, only when we diligently and skillfully can we achieve academic success
1. B. The man should get a pair of new shoes.
2. A. The woman will skip Dr. Smith’s lecture to help the man.
3. D. The speakers and Steve used to be classmates.
4. C. In a boat.
5. B. 9:50.
6. A. She does not like John at all.
7. D. He is trapped in a terrible traffic jam.
8. A. She is good at repairing things.
M: A recent case I heard was of a man accused and found guilty of breaking into a house and stealing some money.
W: Well, was he really guilty, judge?
M: He admitted that he’d done it, and there were several witnesses saying that he had indeed done it. So I can only assume that he was guilty.
W: Why did he do it?
M: Well, the reasons were little muddied, probably at least it seemed in a trial that he did it to get some money to feed his family. You see, he’d been out of work for some time.
W: Well, he’d been out of work and he chose to break into a house to get money for his family and apparently in front of people that, err… could see him do it.
M: His attorney presented testimony that he had indeed applied for jobs and was listed with several employment agencies, including the state employment agency, but they weren’t any jobs.
W: And he had no luck!
M: He had no luck and it’d been some time. He had two children and both of them were needing food and clothing.
W: So he was in desperate circumstances. Did you sentence him?
W: But what good does it do to put the man into jail when he’s obviously in such need?
M: This particular fellow has been in prison before.
W: For the same thing?
M: No, for a different sort of crime.
M: But he did know about crime, so I suppose there are folks that just have to go back to prison several times.
9. C. The accused was found guilty of stealing.
10. B. He was unemployed.
11. A. He had been in jail before.
12. B. Unsatisfactory.
13. C. Public relations.
14. D. Making television commercials.
15. D. She is not suitable for the position.
Many foreign students are attracted not only to the academic programs at a particular U.S. college but also to the larger community, which affords the chance to soak up the surrounding culture. Few foreign universities put much emphasis on the cozy communal life that characterizes American campuses from clubs and sports teams to student publications and drama societies. “The campus and the American university have become identical in people’s minds,” says Brown University President Vartan Gregorian. “In America it is assumed that a student’s daily life is as important as his learning experience.”
Foreign students also come in search of choices. America’s menu of options—research universities, state institutions, private liberal-arts schools, community colleges, religious institutions, military academies—is unrivaled. “In Europe,” says history professor Jonathan Steinberg, who has taught at both Harvard and Cambridge, “there is one system, and that is it.” While students overseas usually must demonstrate expertise in a specific field, whether law or philosophy or chemistry, most American universities insist that students sample natural and social sciences, languages and literature before choosing a field of concentration.
Such opposing philosophies grow out of different traditions and power structures. In Europe and Japan, universities are answerable only to a ministry of education, which sets academic standards and distributes money.
While centralization ensures that all students are equipped with roughly the same resources and perform at roughly the same level, it also discourages experimentation. “When they make mistakes, they make big ones,” says Robert Rosenzweig, president of the Association of American Universities. “They set a system in wrong directions, and it’s like steering a supertanker.”
16. What does the speaker say characterizes American campuses?
答案：(A) The cozy communal life.
【点评】：细节题。本篇文章开头即指出 ‘Few foreign universities put much emphasis on the cozy communal life that characterizes American campuses from clubs and sports teams to student publications and drama societies.’此可知美国校园的特点就在于集体生活，比如俱乐部、运动队、学生刊物以及戏剧社团。
17. What does Brown University president Vartan Gregorian say about students’ daily life?
答案：(C) It is as important as their learning experience.
【点评】：细节题。布朗大学校长在说到学生日常生活时说“In America it is assumed that a student’s daily life is as important as his learning experience. . .” 可见在美国学生平日生活和他们的学习经历同等重要。
18. In what way is the United States unrivaled according to the speaker?
答案：(C) It provides numerous options for students.
【点评】：细节题。听力原文中说到America’s menu of options—research universities, state institutions, private liberal-arts schools, community colleges, religious institutions, military academies—is unrivaled.其实归根结底就是America’s menu of options is unrivaled.美国各类学校应有尽有任你选。
19. What does the speaker say about universities in Europe and Japan?
答案：(B) They are responsible merely to their Ministry of Education.
【点评】：细节题。说到欧洲和日本大学时，原文”In Europe and Japan, universities are answerable only to a ministry of education, which sets academic standards and distributes money.”中的”answerable only to…”意思和”be responsible merely to”相同，即“只对……负责，只听从……的”。
Hello, ladies and gentlemen, welcome aboard your Sea-link ferry from Folkestone to Boulogne and wish you a pleasant trip with us. We are due to leave Folkestone in about five minutes and a journey to Boulogne will take approximately two hours. We are getting good reports of the weather in the Channel and in France, so we should have a calm crossing. Sun and temperatures of 30 degrees celsius are reported on the French coast. For your convenience on the journey, we’d like to point out that there ar e a number of facilities available on board. There’s a snack bar serving sandwiches and hot and cold refreshments situated in the front of A deck. There is also a restaurant serving hot meals situated on B deck. If you need to change money or cash travelers’ checks, we have a bank on board. You can find a bank on C deck. Between the ship’s office and the duty free shop, toilets are situated on B deck at the rear of the ship and on A deck next to the snack bar. For the children, there’s a games room on C deck next to the duty free shop. Here children can find a variety of electronic games. Passengers are reminded that the lounge on B deck is for the sole use of passengers traveling with cars and that there is another lounge on C deck at the front of the ship for passengers traveling without cars. Finally, ladies and gentlemen, we’d like to wish you a pleasant journey and hope that you’ll travel with us again in the near future.
20. What does the speaker say about the sea link ferry?
答案：(D)It is leaving Folkestone in about five minutes.
【点评】：细节题。听力原文为”We are due to leave Folkestone in about five minutes.”渡船将在五分钟内出发。其他选项信息都没在听力中出现。
21. Where is the snack bar situated?
答案：(D) In the front of A deck.
【点评】：细节题。听力原文为”There’s a snack bar serving sandwiches and hot and cold refreshments situated in the front of A deck.”。小吃店是位于甲板A上。基本信息重现。
22. What does the speaker say about the lounge on B deck?
答案：(A) It is for the sole use of passengers travelling with cars.
【点评】：细节题。听力原文为”Passengers are reminded that the lounge on B deck is for the sole-use of passengers traveling with cars…” B甲板上的休息室是专门给那些开车旅游的乘客的。基本信息重现。
On Christmas Eve in 1994, humans entered a cave in the mountains of southeastern France for what was probably the first time in 20,000 years. The vivid images of more than 300 animals that Jean-Marie Chauvet and his assistants found on the cave walls were like none that they had seen before. Unusual in the Grotte Chauvet, as the cave is now called in honor of its discoverer, are paintings of many flat sheeting animals. Other known caves from the same geographical area and time period contain only paintings of plantites. The paintings in this cave refute the old theory that Cro-Magnoon people painted animals that they hunted and then ate. Now many specialists believe that cave paintings were not part of a ritual to bring good luck to hunters. They point out that while deer made up a major part of their diet, there’re no drawings of deer. They believe that the animals painted were those central to the symbolic and spiritual life of the times; animals that represented something deep and spiritual to the people. Scientists are hopeful that Groo Chavie will yield new information about the art and lifestyle of Cro-Magnoon people. They readily admit, however, that little is understood yet as to the reasons why ice age artists created their interesting and detailed paintings. Scientists also wonder why some paintings were done in areas that are so difficult to get to, in caves, for example, that are 2,400 feet underground, and accessible only by crawling through narrow passageways.
23. B. It was named after its discoverer.
24. C. Cro-Magnon people painted animals they hunted and ate.
25. A. They know little about why the paintings were created.
【点评】本文为科普类说明文，主要围绕法国东南部的一个著名洞穴——肖维岩洞(Grotte Chauvet)展开。肖维岩洞由Jean-Marie Chauvet在1994年圣诞夜首次发现，故以Chauvet的名字命名。与法国同时期其他洞穴不同的是，肖维岩洞内的动物壁画并不是被捕猎的动物，而是那些大型、有力而威猛的动物。许多专家们由此认为，壁画上的动物是当时人们精神生活的象征。本文由于涉及国外艺术文化的话题，对许多考生来说比较生疏。但只要对篇章的开头及结尾、相关关键词做到有效把握，答出问题也是比较容易的。
If you are attending a local college, especially one without residence halls, you’ll probably live at home and commute to classes. This arrangement has a lot of advantages. It’s cheaper. It provides a comfortable and familiar setting, and it means you’ll get the kind of home cooking you’re used to instead of the monotony (单调) that characterizes even the best institutional food.
However, commuting students need to go out of their way tobecome involved in the life of their college and to take special steps to meet their fellow students. Often, this means a certain amount of initiative on your part in seeking out and talking to people in your classes whom you think you might like.
One problem that commuting students sometimes face is their parents’ unwillingness to recognize that they’re adults. The transition from high school to college is a big one, and if you live at home you need to develop the same kind of independence you’d have if you were living away. Home rules that might have been appropriate when you were in high school don’t apply. If your parents are reluctant to renegotiate, you can speed the process along by letting your behavior show that you have the responsibility that goes with maturity. Parents are more willing to acknowledge their children as adults when they behave like adults. If, however, there’s so much friction at home that it interferes with your academic work, you might want to consider sharing an apartment with one or more friends. Sometimes this is a happy solution when family tensions make everyone miserable.
28. go out of their way
29. seeking out
34. interferes with
56 A) Books on excellence.
57 C) They more or less fall into the same stereotype.
58 B) It bases its detailed analysis on large amounts of data.
59 A) Focus on quality and revenue.
60 B) It has little to offer to businesspeople.
61. A) Its comfortable campus life.
62. A) Improve their learning environment.
63. C) Refrain from making promises they cannot honour.
64. B) Whether it is able to deliver what they want.
65. D) They are unique one way or another.
Since the reform in 1978, China has developed from a planned economy to a market-based economy, experienced rapid economic and social development. An average of 10 percent of GDP growth has helped leading more than five hundred million people out of poverty. The United Nations “millennium development goals” have reached or are about to reach in China. At present, China’s Twelfth Five-Year Plan emphasizes the development of services and solutions to environmental and social imbalances. The Government has set a target to reduce pollution, improve energy efficiency and improve access to education and health care, and extend social support network. The current 7% annual economic growth target of China demonstrates that the government attaches great importance to the quality of life rather than the growth rate.
China will strive to ensure that by 2015 employees have received 13.3 years of education. If this goal can be achieved, the majority of people entering the labor market are required to obtain a university degree in the future.
In the next few years, China will focus on increasing the enrollment of College Admissions: In addition to attaching importance to higher education, China will also make new breakthroughs to guarantee a more equal education system. China is trying to make optimal use of educational resources so that rural and underdeveloped areas will get more support.
The Ministry of Education has decided to improve student nutrition in underdeveloped areas, and to provide equal education opportunity for children of migrant workers in cities.
Rural life ideals reflected in Chinese arts and literature is an important feature of Chinese civilization. This is largely attributed to feelings of Taoism to the nature. There are two most popular themes in traditional Chinese paintings. One is various scenes of happy family life with the elderly drinking teas and playing chess, men plowing and harvesting, women sewing and weaving, or children playing outdoors. The other is a variety of fun in rural life with a fisherman fishing on the lake, farmers cutting firewood or collecting medicinal herbs, scholars reciting poems or painting pictures under a pine tree. These two themes represent separately Confucian and Taoist ideal life.